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Basic Gluster Troubleshooting

From GlusterDocumentation

1. What ports does Gluster need?

Preferably, your storage environment should be located on a safe segment of your network where firewall is not necessary. In the real world, that simply isn't possible for all environments. If you are willing to accept the potential performance loss of running a firewall, you need to know that Gluster makes use of the following ports:
- 24007 TCP for the Gluster Daemon
- 24008 TCP for Infiniband management (optional unless you are using IB)
- One TCP port for each brick in a volume. So, for example, if you have 4 bricks in a volume, port 24009 – 24012 would be used in GlusterFS 3.3 & below, 49152 - 49155 from GlusterFS 3.4 & later.
- 38465, 38466 and 38467 TCP for the inline Gluster NFS server.
- Additionally, port 111 TCP and UDP (since always) and port 2049 TCP-only (from GlusterFS 3.4 & later) are used for port mapper and should be open.
Note: by default Gluster/NFS does not provide services over UDP, it is TCP only. You would need to enable the nfs.mount-udp option if you want to add UDP support for the MOUNT protocol. That's completely optional and is up to your judgement to use.

2. I am having issues trying to create a trusted pool

Make sure to check the basics first:

  • Does nslookup show the expected values for the short, FQDN, and reverse lookup by IP?
  • I've said it before, and I'll say it again - Make sure not to use /etc/hosts! Although there is nothing wrong with this in theory, there is no way to track the countless hours that have been lost troubleshooting things only to find out that one server had an errant entry in /etc/hosts.
  • Can you reach port 24007 on the servers (e.g. via telnet)?
  • Are you able to issue any other gluster commands successfully? If not, the gluster daemon is most likely not running.
/etc/init.d/glusterd status
glusterd.service - LSB: glusterfs server
	  Loaded: loaded (/etc/rc.d/init.d/glusterd)
	  Active: inactive (dead)
	  CGroup: name=systemd:/system/glusterd.service
3. How can I tell if the gluster daemon running?

Several commands can be used here:

service glusterd status
systemctl status glusterd.service
/etc/init.d/glusterd status
4. I can't mount the volume on the server
  • Check the gluster volume info output and make sure the volume shows a status of “Started”
gluster volume info
Status: Started

  • Make sure you can see the volume by running the command `showmount -e <gluster node>
showmount -e econode01
Export list for econode01:
/communitytest *
5. I can't mount the volume from a client
  • Make sure you are able to connect to the machine you are trying to mount the volume from (not just ping it)
  • Make sure that glusterd is running on all servers
  • Make sure that the volume is started
6. I upgraded Gluster, and now a client seems to be have issues connecting
  • Check whether the client is using the same version of Gluster when using the native client
glusterfsd --version
glusterfs 3.3.1 built on Oct 11 2012 21:22:46
  • In many cases, it may be enough to remount the volume
7. Not all of the hosts have the same output when i run “gluster peer probe”

This is generally a good thing, with some caveats -

  • The output from each server should show all OTHER servers, but NOT itself
  • Each server should have the same UUID, for example, the UUID of server2 should always be the same no matter which server you run gluster peer status from
  • The Status should always show “Peer in Cluster (Connected)”
  • The value should match what you see in /var/lib/glusterd/ for server2
8. I accidentally killed the Gluster daemon while some data was transferring!

All is not lost. In fact, nothing is. Glusterd is used to manage the cluster as a whole, for example, to create new volumes or modify existing ones. If it dies, you will not be able to start or stop volumes, but data will still keep chugging right on through.

9. I accidentally uninstalled Gluster!

You are in luck. Hopefully. If you left your configuration directory in place, just reinstall and everything should come up just as it was before.

1) yum erase glusterfs-server
Running Transaction
  Erasing    : glusterfs-server-3.3.1-1.fc17.x86_64    
2) yum install glusterfs-server
  glusterfs-server.x86_64 0:3.3.1-1.fc17                                                                                                                     


3) service glusterd start
4) gluster volume info
Volume Name: communitytest
Type: Replicate
Volume ID: 5c26bcfe-7db4-40fe-ade4-a2755d53a19d
Status: Started

The precending commands show gluster being uninstalled and reinstalled. After the glusterd service is started, all that was left was to run gluster volume info to shoe ther state of the volume is just like we left it.

  • If for some reason you DID delete the configuration directory, you can still get things back in no time if you know EXACTLY how the volumes were laid out before. You DID document that, right?
  • Ah. You didn't. Well, you are in for a headache, but all is not lost. You can create new volumes and import the data back in with your favorite commands like rsync, tar, mv or even scp (if you are paid by the hour).
10. I can't mount with NFS
  • Make sure that the kernel NFS service isn't running on the servers
  • Make sure that the rpcbind or portmap service is running
  • For newer linux distributions, you can add the option vers=3 like so:
mount -t nfs -o vers=3 server2:/myglustervolume /gluster/mount/point

11. One of the nodes in a replicated pair went down. The issue is resolved, but how can I get my data back in sync?

Check again, it may be already! Gluster has automatic failover and self-heal as two of its' most powerful features

12. I don't have a lot of money, but I love to read...where are the Gluster logs?


13. How can I rotate the logs?
gluster volume log rotate myglustervolume
14. Where are the configuration files?

/var/lib/glusterd for newer versions, /etc/glusterd/ for older ones

15. I am getting weird errors and inconsistencies from a database I am running in a Gluster volume

Unless your database does almost nothing, this is expected. Gluster does not support structured data (like databases) due to issues you will likely encounter when you have a high number of transactions being persisted, lots of concurrent connections, etc. Gluster *IS*, however, a perfect place to store your database backups.

16. Gluster is acting strangely, so i restarted the daemon, but the issue is still there.
Halloween is just around the corner as this is being written, so make sure that whatever is supposed to be dead, actually IS, with the command
ps -ax | grep glu
If any gluster processes are still running after you shut down a host, use
killall gluster{,d,fs,fsd}
17. Do I need to run commands on every host?

It depends on the command.

  • As mentioned elsewhere in the Getting Started guides, for Gluster CLI commands like `gluster volume create`, you should specify one server only to run the commands from to make troubleshooting simpler.
  • For commands like `gluster peer status`, you want to make sure and check each server individually since Gluster, like all clustered systems, needs to have consistent configurations between all servers.
18. Is there any way to check all the nodes quicker?
  • You can run commands on a remote host using the --remote-host switch
 gluster --remote-host=server2 peer status
  • If you have CTDB configured, you can use the `onnode` command to specify all hosts at once, or just from one or two individually
  • Depending on how safe your environment is, you can use the ssh-keygen and ssh-copy-id commands to login or run commands remotely without needing a password
19. Gluster caused my {network, kernel, filesystem,luxurious alpaca farm} to have issues!!!

Possibly. But, in most cases, Gluster, or any software that taxes your network or storage infrastructure resources, isn't causing the's simply exposing it. If you do find an issue that you feel is legitimately caused by Gluster, we want to know! Filing a bug, submitting a patch, sending an email to the gluster-users list, or chatting with us in IRC are all great ways to help make Gluster better for everyone.

20. What is a transport endpoint, and why isn't it connected?

If you spend a fair amount of time reading your Gluster logs (and who wouldn't?!), you will regularly see this error message. On the surface, it is fairly generic, and roughly translates as “Gluster isn't communicating for some reason”. Most often, this is caused by saturation of either storage or network resources somewhere in the cluster. One or two instances here and there are expected, if not exactly desired. When should you worry? If you see the message repeated over a sustained period of time, or several times a day the logs flood with it, you probably need to fix that. Using the techniques covered here will work for the vast majority of cases. If not, we have commonly seen issues like:

  • RAID or NIC drivers or firmware needed to be updated
  • Third-party backup applications were running at the same time
  • The /etc/cron.daily/mlocate script was never told to prune the bricks or networked filesystem
  • Aggressive use of rsync jobs on the gluster bricks or mount points


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